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Hair loss, also called alopecia, comes in several forms: diffuse alopecia (hair loss spread all over the scalp), androgenetic alopecia (hormonal hair loss), and alopecia areata (bald patches).
The causes of diffuse alopecia are numerous; losses are usually limited in time and reversible. When they are serious and persistent, a blood test is carried out to look for disease. Often no treatment is needed.
In more severe or persistent cases we recommend dietary supplements,
vitamin injections, LED therapy and PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) injections, to stimulate hair growth.
Androgenetic alopecia is genetically determined, linked to the action of androgens (male hormones): this is what we call 'male pattern baldness'.
It is not a disease, but a natural evolution of the life of the hair in certain men. It affects 15% of men at age 20 and up to 50% of men at age 50.
Medical treatments exist to slow this development and good results can be obtained if the problem is treated early enough, when the hair loss is still not too pronounced.
In women, this form of hair loss is less common and rarely occurs before the age of 40, with a more important aesthetic impact depending on the degree of loss of capillary density. Medical therapy consists of topical and systemic (anti-androgen) treatments.
Additional treatments for androgenetic alopecia to stimulate hair growth
in men and women are:
LED therapy and PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) injections
Laser assisted topical drug delivery (growth factors or minoxidil)
Alopecia areata, is a frequent form of hair loss, is characterized by one or more round to oval shaped, completely bald patches, usually limited in size but sometimes confluent and multiple. It is considered as an autoimmune disorder but it can spontaneously regress.
Treatment options include general or topical use of corticosteroids.
Other hair problems:
Hirsutism or excessive growth of facial hair in women, which can be inherited or linked to hormonal imbalance (mainly with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Usually following epilation, ingrown hairs lead to formation of pustules, cysts and in some cases scars.
laser hair removal